Thursday, December 7, 2006

Systematic Theology Part 7

Christology (Who is Christ?) Listen here for part 1 and here for part 2

Christology - The study of the person and work of Christ

Christ in eternity past
Christ is the eternal Son of God 1 John 4:9
Christ creates the universe Col 1:15-17

Christ in the Old Testament
No man has seen the Father but the Son John 1:18
Christophanies in the Old Testament – An appearance of Christ in human form
e.g. Jacob wrestled with Christ Gen 32:24-30, The elders see Christ Exodus 24:9-12
Christ was the Angel of the Lord - An appearance of Christ in human form in the role of a messenger.
e.g. Gen 16:7-14,Abraham, Gen 21:17 to Hagar twice, Exodus 3:14, 23:20-21 to Moses, Numbers 22:21-35 Balaam, Joshua, Judges etc

Christ’s incarnation and birth
By the power of the Spirit by means of a virgin: Isa 7:14, Matt 1:16-23, Luke 1:26-35. The purpose was to avoid original sin, he is the second man 1 Cor 15:47
Christ the God man –Theo-anthropos, The Word became flesh and dwelt amongst us. John 1:14, in the one person Jesus Christ, made like his brothers in every way Heb 2:14. Kenotic theory heretical

Why Christ had to be fully God and fully man
God to redeem and forgive sins i.e the covenant of redemption
Man to be our substitute in active and passive obedience

Christ’s secret years
Christ as child, Christ at 12 in the temple, Christ growing in favor with God and man. Luke 2:41-52

Christ’s public Years (the prophet)
Christ baptism and anointing, Christ mission, to save His people from their sins Matt 1:21 Christ’s ministry and miracles in order to usher in the eternal Kingdom of God. He was The Prophet Acts 3:22-23

Christ’s passion and atonement
The vicarious penal substitutionary atonement John 1:29 The Lamb of God
Propitiation and expiation Rom 3:23-26, 1 John 2:2, Heb 2:17
Forensic and reconciliatory 1 Cor 5:17-21 The Great Exchange

Christ’s Resurrection
Christ victory over the grave, the proof that His work was accepted by the Father
1 Pet 3:1 Rom 1:4

Christ’s Ascension (Priest and King)
Christ enthronement as King of Kings and Lord of Lords (Eph 1:20-22, Rev 19:16) Entering the Priesthood in the order of Melchizedek Heb 5:5-6,7:21-23)
The coming of the eschatological Spirit and the inauguration of the church Act 1:5-11
Christ waiting for all His enemies to be made His footstool 1 Cor 15:25, Heb 10:13)

Christ’s Second Coming and the Final Judgment of the world
Christ’s return will consummate the Kingdom Glorying both creation and the saints 1 Cor 15:20-28, Acts 1:11, 1 Thess 4:16-19, Rom 8,:20-24. An end to sin and death I Cor 15:54, Rev 21:4. The end of redemptive history.1 Cor 1:24
Christ is the Judge of the ONE general resurrection of the dead John 5:25-29, Acts 17:31

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